In the Fergana Valley are many Neolithic sites, one of the most important site is Surungur, which has been studied since 2017 under the guidance of specialists from the Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography SB RAS (Novosibirsk, Russia) and the Kyrgyz National University named after J. Balasagyn (Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan). There is a continuous sequence of sediments from the Neolithic (8 thousand years BP) to the Bronze Age (3.3 thousand years BP). The special significance of the site lies in the undisturbed stratigraphy, so here we find traces of constructions, campfires,stone and bone artifacts, ornaments and a rich paleofaunal collection. Researchers are applying a set of modern techniques that will help to study with high resolution how the process of Neolithization took place in Central Asia.